The Divine Comedy - Purgatory: Canto III Christianity - Books
“I am Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.                “You shall have no other gods before me.                “You shall not make for yourselves an idol, nor any image of anything that is in the heavens above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: you shall not bow yourself down to them, nor serve them, for I, Yahweh your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and on the fourth generation of those who hate me, and showing loving kindness to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.                “You shall not take the name of Yahweh your God in vain, for Yahweh will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.                “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. You shall labor six days, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to Yahweh your God. You shall not do any work in it, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your livestock, nor your stranger who is within your gates; for in six days Yahweh made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day; therefore Yahweh blessed the Sabbath day, and made it holy.                “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land which Yahweh your God gives you.                “You shall not murder.                “You shall not commit adultery.                “You shall not steal.                “You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.                “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.”
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Purgatory: Canto III

Contents: "The Divine Comedy"

Ante-Purgatory - Souls of those who have died in contumacy of the Church - Manfred

Them sudden flight had scatter'd over the plain,

Turn'd tow'rds the mountain, whither reason's voice

Drives us; I to my faithful company

Adhering, left it not. For how of him

Depriv'd, might I have sped, or who beside

Would o'er the mountainous tract have led my steps

He with the bitter pang of self-remorse

Seem'd smitten. O clear conscience and upright

How doth a little fling wound thee sore!

Soon as his feet desisted (slack'ning pace),

From haste, that mars all decency of act,

My mind, that in itself before was wrapt,

Its thoughts expanded, as with joy restor'd:

And full against the steep ascent I set

My face, where highest to heav'n its top o'erflows.

The sun, that flar'd behind, with ruddy beam

Before my form was broken; for in me

His rays resistance met. I turn'd aside

With fear of being left, when I beheld

Only before myself the ground obscur'd.

When thus my solace, turning him around,

Bespake me kindly: "Why distrustest thou?

Believ'st not I am with thee, thy sure guide?

It now is evening there, where buried lies

The body, in which I cast a shade, remov'd

To Naples from Brundusium's wall. Nor thou

Marvel, if before me no shadow fall,

More than that in the sky element

One ray obstructs not other. To endure

Torments of heat and cold extreme, like frames

That virtue hath dispos'd, which how it works

Wills not to us should be reveal'd. Insane

Who hopes, our reason may that space explore,

Which holds three persons in one substance knit.

Seek not the wherefore, race of human kind;

Could ye have seen the whole, no need had been

For Mary to bring forth. Moreover ye

Have seen such men desiring fruitlessly;

To whose desires repose would have been giv'n,

That now but serve them for eternal grief.

I speak of Plato, and the Stagyrite,

And others many more." And then he bent

Downwards his forehead, and in troubled mood

Broke off his speech. Meanwhile we had arriv'd

Far as the mountain's foot, and there the rock

Found of so steep ascent, that nimblest steps

To climb it had been vain. The most remote

Most wild untrodden path, in all the tract

'Twixt Lerice and Turbia were to this

A ladder easy' and open of access.

"Who knows on which hand now the steep declines?"

My master said and paus'd, "so that he may

Ascend, who journeys without aid of wine?"

And while with looks directed to the ground

The meaning of the pathway he explor'd,

And I gaz'd upward round the stony height,

Of spirits, that toward us mov'd their steps,

Yet moving seem'd not, they so slow approach'd.

The Divine Comedy - Purgatory: Canto III

I thus my guide address'd: "Upraise thine eyes,

Lo that way some, of whom thou may'st obtain

Counsel, if of thyself thou find'st it not!"

Straightway he look'd, and with free speech replied:

"Let us tend thither: they but softly come.

And thou be firm in hope, my son belov'd."

Now was that people distant far in space

A thousand paces behind ours, as much

As at a throw the nervous arm could fling,

When all drew backward on the messy crags

Of the steep bank, and firmly stood unmov'd

As one who walks in doubt might stand to look.

"O spirits perfect! O already chosen!"

Virgil to them began, "by that blest peace,

Which, as I deem, is for you all prepar'd,

Instruct us where the mountain low declines,

So that attempt to mount it be not vain.

For who knows most, him loss of time most grieves."

As sheep, that step from forth their fold, by one,

Or pairs, or three at once; meanwhile the rest

Stand fearfully, bending the eye and nose

To ground, and what the foremost does, that do

The others, gath'ring round her, if she stops,

Simple and quiet, nor the cause discern;

So saw I moving to advance the first,

Who of that fortunate crew were at the head,

Of modest mien and graceful in their gait.

When they before me had beheld the light

From my right side fall broken on the ground,

So that the shadow reach'd the cave, they stopp'd

And somewhat back retir'd: the same did all,

Who follow'd, though unweeting of the cause.

"Unask'd of you, yet freely I confess,

This is a human body which ye see.

That the sun's light is broken on the ground,

Marvel not: but believe, that not without

Virtue deriv'd from Heaven, we to climb

Over this wall aspire." So them bespake

My master; and that virtuous tribe rejoin'd;

"Turn, and before you there the entrance lies,"

Making a signal to us with bent hands.

Then of them one began. "Whoe'er thou art,

Who journey'st thus this way, thy visage turn,

Think if me elsewhere thou hast ever seen."

I tow'rds him turn'd, and with fix'd eye beheld.

Comely, and fair, and gentle of aspect,

He seem'd, but on one brow a gash was mark'd.

When humbly I disclaim'd to have beheld

Him ever: "Now behold!" he said, and show'd

High on his breast a wound: then smiling spake.

"I am Manfredi, grandson to the Queen

Costanza: whence I pray thee, when return'd,

To my fair daughter go, the parent glad

Of Aragonia and Sicilia's pride;

And of the truth inform her, if of me

Aught else be told. When by two mortal blows

My frame was shatter'd, I betook myself

Weeping to him, who of free will forgives.

My sins were horrible; but so wide arms

Hath goodness infinite, that it receives

All who turn to it. Had this text divine

Been of Cosenza's shepherd better scann'd,

Who then by Clement on my hunt was set,

Yet at the bridge's head my bones had lain,

Near Benevento, by the heavy mole

Protected; but the rain now drenches them,

And the wind drives, out of the kingdom's bounds,

Far as the stream of Verde, where, with lights

Extinguish'd, he remov'd them from their bed.

Yet by their curse we are not so destroy'd,

But that the eternal love may turn, while hope

Retains her verdant blossoms. True it is,

That such one as in contumacy dies

Against the holy church, though he repent,

Must wander thirty-fold for all the time

In his presumption past; if such decree

Be not by prayers of good men shorter made

Look therefore if thou canst advance my bliss;

Revealing to my good Costanza, how

Thou hast beheld me, and beside the terms

Laid on me of that interdict; for here

By means of those below much profit comes."

Contents: "The Divine Comedy"

Download: "The Divine Comedy"


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