The Divine Comedy - Purgatory: Canto IV Christianity - Books
You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery;'                but I tell you that everyone who gazes at a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart.                If your right eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out and throw it away from you. For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna.                If your right hand causes you to stumble, cut it off, and throw it away from you. For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna.                'It was also said, 'Whoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorce,'                but I tell you that whoever puts away his wife, except for the cause of sexual immorality, makes her an adulteress; and whoever marries her when she is put away commits adultery.                'Again you have heard that it was said to them of old time, 'You shall not make false vows, but shall perform to the Lord your vows,'                but I tell you, don't swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is the throne of God;                nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.                Neither shall you swear by your head, for you can't make one hair white or black.                But let your 'Yes' be 'Yes' and your 'No' be 'No.' Whatever is more than these is of the evil one.                'You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.'*                But I tell you, don't resist him who is evil; but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also.                If anyone sues you to take away your coat, let him have your cloak also.                Whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two.                Give to him who asks you, and don't turn away him who desires to borrow from you.                'You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love your neighbor,* and hate your enemy.*'                But I tell you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who mistreat you and persecute you,                that you may be children of your Father who is in heaven.               
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Purgatory: Canto IV

Contents: "The Divine Comedy"

Ante-Purgatory - Ascent to a shelf of the mountain - The negligent, who postponed repentance to the last hour - Belacqua

When by sensations of delight or pain,

That any of our faculties hath seiz'd,

Entire the soul collects herself, it seems

She is intent upon that power alone,

And thus the error is disprov'd which holds

The soul not singly lighted in the breast.

And therefore when as aught is heard or seen,

That firmly keeps the soul toward it turn'd,

Time passes, and a man perceives it not.

For that, whereby he hearken, is one power,

Another that, which the whole spirit hash;

This is as it were bound, while that is free.

This found I true by proof, hearing that spirit

And wond'ring; for full fifty steps aloft

The sun had measur'd unobserv'd of me,

When we arriv'd where all with one accord

The spirits shouted, "Here is what ye ask."

A larger aperture ofttimes is stopp'd

With forked stake of thorn by villager,

When the ripe grape imbrowns, than was the path,

By which my guide, and I behind him close,

Ascended solitary, when that troop

Departing left us. On Sanleo's road

Who journeys, or to Noli low descends,

Or mounts Bismantua's height, must use his feet;

But here a man had need to fly, I mean

With the swift wing and plumes of high desire,

Conducted by his aid, who gave me hope,

And with light furnish'd to direct my way.

The Divine Comedy - Purgatory: Canto IV

We through the broken rock ascended, close

Pent on each side, while underneath the ground

Ask'd help of hands and feet. When we arriv'd

Near on the highest ridge of the steep bank,

Where the plain level open'd I exclaim'd,

"O master! say which way can we proceed?"

He answer'd, "Let no step of thine recede.

Behind me gain the mountain, till to us

Some practis'd guide appear." That eminence

Was lofty that no eye might reach its point,

And the side proudly rising, more than line

From the mid quadrant to the centre drawn.

I wearied thus began: "Parent belov'd!

Turn, and behold how I remain alone,

If thou stay not."—"My son!" He straight reply'd,

"Thus far put forth thy strength;" and to a track

Pointed, that, on this side projecting, round

Circles the hill. His words so spurr'd me on,

That I behind him clamb'ring, forc'd myself,

Till my feet press'd the circuit plain beneath.

There both together seated, turn'd we round

To eastward, whence was our ascent: and oft

Many beside have with delight look'd back.

First on the nether shores I turn'd my eyes,

Then rais'd them to the sun, and wond'ring mark'd

That from the left it smote us. Soon perceiv'd

That Poet sage now at the car of light

Amaz'd I stood, where 'twixt us and the north

Its course it enter'd. Whence he thus to me:

"Were Leda's offspring now in company

Of that broad mirror, that high up and low

Imparts his light beneath, thou might'st behold

The ruddy zodiac nearer to the bears

Wheel, if its ancient course it not forsook.

How that may be if thou would'st think; within

Pond'ring, imagine Sion with this mount

Plac'd on the earth, so that to both be one

Horizon, and two hemispheres apart,

Where lies the path that Phaeton ill knew

To guide his erring chariot: thou wilt see

How of necessity by this on one

He passes, while by that on the' other side,

If with clear view shine intellect attend."

"Of truth, kind teacher!" I exclaim'd, "so clear

Aught saw I never, as I now discern

Where seem'd my ken to fail, that the mid orb

Of the supernal motion (which in terms

Of art is called the Equator, and remains

Ever between the sun and winter) for the cause

Thou hast assign'd, from hence toward the north

Departs, when those who in the Hebrew land

Inhabit, see it tow'rds the warmer part.

But if it please thee, I would gladly know,

How far we have to journey: for the hill

Mounts higher, than this sight of mine can mount."

He thus to me: "Such is this steep ascent,

That it is ever difficult at first,

But, more a man proceeds, less evil grows.

When pleasant it shall seem to thee, so much

That upward going shall be easy to thee.

As in a vessel to go down the tide,

Then of this path thou wilt have reach'd the end.

There hope to rest thee from thy toil. No more

I answer, and thus far for certain know."

As he his words had spoken, near to us

A voice there sounded: "Yet ye first perchance

May to repose you by constraint be led."

At sound thereof each turn'd, and on the left

A huge stone we beheld, of which nor I

Nor he before was ware. Thither we drew,

find there were some, who in the shady place

Behind the rock were standing, as a man

Thru' idleness might stand. Among them one,

Who seem'd to me much wearied, sat him down,

And with his arms did fold his knees about,

Holding his face between them downward bent.

The Divine Comedy - Purgatory: Canto IV

"Sweet Sir!" I cry'd, "behold that man, who shows

Himself more idle, than if laziness

Were sister to him." Straight he turn'd to us,

And, o'er the thigh lifting his face, observ'd,

Then in these accents spake: "Up then, proceed

Thou valiant one." Straight who it was I knew;

Nor could the pain I felt (for want of breath

Still somewhat urg'd me) hinder my approach.

And when I came to him, he scarce his head

Uplifted, saying "Well hast thou discern'd,

How from the left the sun his chariot leads."

His lazy acts and broken words my lips

To laughter somewhat mov'd; when I began:

"Belacqua, now for thee I grieve no more.

But tell, why thou art seated upright there?

Waitest thou escort to conduct thee hence?

Or blame I only shine accustom'd ways?"

Then he: "My brother, of what use to mount,

When to my suffering would not let me pass

The bird of God, who at the portal sits?

Behooves so long that heav'n first bear me round

Without its limits, as in life it bore,

Because I to the end repentant Sighs

Delay'd, if prayer do not aid me first,

That riseth up from heart which lives in grace.

What other kind avails, not heard in heaven?"'

Before me now the Poet up the mount

Ascending, cried: "Haste thee, for see the sun

Has touch'd the point meridian, and the night

Now covers with her foot Marocco's shore."

Contents: "The Divine Comedy"

Download: "The Divine Comedy"


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